Dextroamphetamine abuse is a common issue, especially among young people and college students. While the drug is a prescription stimulant that can be very beneficial for treating ADHD and sometimes narcolepsy, there are many reasons it might be abused. If you are concerned that someone you know may be abusing dextroamphetamine, look for the signs and symptoms of abuse and consider seeking treatment for the individual, as dextroamphetamine can cause many physical and mental problems when abused.
Knowing the reasons why dextroamphetamine may be abused can sometimes help you identify the signs of abuse in others. Some of the reasons a person might abuse dextroamphetamine are:
When someone is intoxicated from taking dextroamphetamine, they may have different reactions based on the amount taken and the person themselves. However, most of the side effects caused by dextroamphetamine intoxication are observable and occur whenever someone abuses enough of the drug to cause strong effects. For whatever reason someone is abusing dextroamphetamine, they might experience:
Any of these signs may be observed in someone who is currently on dextroamphetamine. If you are still not sure, there are specific symptoms which you may not notice but the individual might complain about or mention to you which are directly tied with dextroamphetamine intoxication. These are:
Many of these issues are common, even for those individuals who take dextroamphetamine exactly as prescribed. But for someone abusing the drug, they will be more intense, and the individual will often not want to discuss their drug use which will mean you will usually need to observe them. If they do mention it, however, they will try to attribute it to something else.
There are other signs and symptoms which can be indicative of a more severe situation of dextroamphetamine abuse. Either the individual may have taken too much and overdosed or they could be having a bad reaction to the drug. Either way, these signs and symptoms are serious, and the person should be taken to the hospital immediately.
Someone who is experiencing these issues could have overdosed on dextroamphetamine. The NLM states that “dark red or cola colored urine” or fever are also signs of overdose. Some symptoms the individual may complain of are:
Dextroamphetamine overdose and the serious side effects sometimes caused by dextroamphetamine abuse can be deadly, and the individual should be taken to the hospital immediately. The NIDA states, “At high doses, [prescription stimulants] can lead to serious cardiovascular complications, including stroke.”
Some individuals might abuse dextroamphetamine for a long time before anyone catches on. The drug can cause obvious side effects, but some of the most intense occur after the individual has been abusing dextroamphetamine regularly which can become very dangerous.
According to CESAR, “Prolonged amphetamine abuse… can cause a number of other problems” including:
For many people who abuse dextroamphetamine in the long-term, intense psychological and physical issues result, causing a condition that is often difficult to reverse even after months of treatment. It is extremely dangerous as a person who has been abusing dextroamphetamine for a long time is likely already addicted, abusing the drug in high doses because they are tolerant to its effects, and liable to overdose.
There are other signs you can look for to know if someone you love is abusing dextroamphetamine.
Dextroamphetamine abuse has many signs and symptoms and can be observable if you know what to look for. If you think someone is abusing dextroamphetamine, seek treatment for them as soon as possible.